'21.01.2021 10:09:58'

Designing customized 'brains' for robots

Researchers have developed an automated way to design customized hardware that speeds up a robot's operation. The system, called robomorphic computing, accounts for the robot's physical layout in suggesting an optimized hardware architecture.

'21.01.2021 08:21:27'

Using VR training to boost our sense of agency and improve motor control

Patients with motor dysfunctions are on the rise across Japan as its population continues to age. A researcher has developed a new method of rehabilitation using virtual reality to increase the sense of agency over our body and aid motor skills.

'21.01.2021 08:17:44'

Electrons caught in the act

Scientists create movies of the ultrafast motion of electrons traveling through an organic semiconductor with atomic-level resolution. This work may lead to more powerful and miniaturized smart devices.

'19.01.2021 14:43:29'

How to train a robot (using AI and supercomputers)

Computer scientists developed a deep learning method to create realistic objects for virtual environments that can be used to train robots. The researchers used TACC's Maverick2 supercomputer to train the generative adversarial network. The networ...

'19.01.2021 05:28:52'

One-dimensional quantum nanowires fertile ground for Majorana zero modes

One-dimensional quantum 'nanowires' - which have length, but no width or height - provide a unique environment for the formation and detection of a quasiparticle known as a Majorana zero mode, which are their own antimatter particle. A new advance...

'18.01.2021 05:35:06'

Students returning home may have caused 9,400 secondary COVID-19 infections across UK

A new statistical model suggests that an infected student returning home for Christmas would, on average, have infected just less than one other household member.

'14.01.2021 11:38:56'

Following the hops of disordered proteins could lead to future treatments of Alzheimer's disease

Researchers have used machine learning techniques to predict how proteins, particularly those implicated in neurological diseases, completely change their shapes in a matter of microseconds.

'12.01.2021 06:00:55'

Artificial intelligence puts focus on the life of insects

Scientists are combining artificial intelligence and advanced computer technology with biological know how to identify insects with supernatural speed. This opens up new possibilities for describing unknown species and for tracking the life of ins...

'12.01.2021 03:53:59'

Tweaking AI software to function like a human brain improves computer's learning ability

Computer-based artificial intelligence can function more like human intelligence when programmed to use a much faster technique for learning new objects, say two neuroscientists who designed such a model that was designed to mirror human visual le...

'11.01.2021 09:34:16'

Researchers report quantum-limit-approaching chemical sensing chip

Researchers are reporting an advancement of a chemical sensing chip that could lead to handheld devices that detect trace chemicals -- everything from illicit drugs to pollution -- as quickly as a breathalyzer identifies alcohol.

'11.01.2021 08:58:51'

Using light to revolutionize artificial intelligence

An international team of researchers, including Professor Roberto Morandotti of the Institut national de la recherche scientifique (INRS), just introduced a new photonic processor that could revolutionize artificial intelligence, as reported by th...

'11.01.2021 06:22:18'

Computer scientists: We wouldn't be able to control super intelligent machines

We are fascinated by machines that can control cars, compose symphonies, or defeat people at chess, Go, or Jeopardy! While more progress is being made all the time in Artificial Intelligence (AI), some scientists and philosophers warn of the dange...

'11.01.2021 06:22:16'

Electrically switchable qubit can tune between storage and fast calculation modes

To perform calculations, quantum computers need qubits to act as elementary building blocks that process and store information. Now, physicists have produced a new type of qubit that can be switched from a stable idle mode to a fast calculation mo...

'11.01.2021 06:21:51'

Engineers create hybrid chips with processors and memory to run AI on battery-powered devices

Transactions between processors and memory can consume 95 percent of the energy needed to do machine learning and AI, which severely limits battery life. A team of engineers has designed a system that can run AI tasks faster, and with less energy,...

'7.01.2021 07:53:10'

For the right employees, even standard information technology can spur creativity

In a money-saving revelation for organizations inclined to invest in specialized information technology to support the process of idea generation, new research suggests that even non-specialized, everyday organizational IT can encourage employees'...

'7.01.2021 06:24:18'

World's fastest optical neuromorphic processor

A Swinburne-led team has demonstrated the world's fastest and most powerful optical neuromorphic processor for artificial intelligence. The neuromorphic processor operates faster than 10 trillion operations per second and is capable of processing ...

'6.01.2021 08:30:50'

Physicists observe competition between magnetic orders

Two-dimensional materials, consisting of a single layer of atoms, have been booming in research for years. They possess novel properties that can only be explained with the help of the laws of quantum mechanics. Researchers have now used ultracold...

'6.01.2021 08:30:27'

Light-carrying chips advance machine learning

Researchers found that so-called photonic processors, with which data is processed by means of light, can process information very much more rapidly and in parallel than electronic chips.

'5.01.2021 08:01:29'

Advanced materials in a snap

A research team has successfully used machine learning -- computer algorithms that improve themselves by learning patterns in data -- to complete cumbersome materials science calculations more than 40,000 times faster than normal.

'4.01.2021 06:04:22'

Using artificial intelligence to find new uses for existing medications

Scientists have developed a machine-learning method that crunches massive amounts of data to help determine which existing medications could improve outcomes in diseases for which they are not prescribed.

'30.12.2020 04:42:31'

Development of fusion energy

Physicists are working to develop a unique tokamak fusion device called 'SPARC.'

'30.12.2020 04:42:26'

A pursuit of better testing to sort out the complexities of ADHD

The introduction of computer simulation to the identification of symptoms in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has potential to provide an additional objective tool to gauge the presence and severity of behavioral probl...

'28.12.2020 05:18:07'

Important milestone in the creation of a quantum computer

One of the obstacles for progress in the quest for a working quantum computer has been that the working devices that go into a quantum computer and perform the actual calculations, the qubits, have hitherto been made by universities and in small n...

'22.12.2020 09:15:30'

Chemists synthesize 'flat' silicon compounds

Chemists have synthesized extremely unusual compounds. Their central building block is a silicon atom. Different from usual, however, is the arrangement of the four bonding partners of the atom, which are not in the form of a tetrahedron around it...

'21.12.2020 11:04:14'

High-five or thumbs-up? New device detects which hand gesture you want to make

A new device developed by engineers can recognize hand gestures based on electrical signals detected in the forearm. The system, which couples wearable biosensors with artificial intelligence (AI), could one day be used to control prosthetics or t...

'21.12.2020 07:17:28'

Big step with small whirls

Skyrmions are small magnetic objects that could revolutionize the data storage industry and also enable new computer architectures. However, there are a number of challenges that need to be overcome. A team of researchers has succeeded for the fir...

'18.12.2020 08:18:56'

Developing smarter, faster machine intelligence with light

Researchers have developed an optical convolutional neural network accelerator capable of processing large amounts of information, on the order of petabytes, per second.

'18.12.2020 04:45:02'

Artificial Intelligence that can run a simulation faithful to physical laws

Researchers have successfully developed technology to simulate phenomena for which the detailed mechanism or formula are unexplained. They did this by using AI to create a model, which is faithful to the laws of physics, from observational data. T...

'17.12.2020 08:54:11'

Scientists create entangled photons 100 times more efficiently than previously possible

Super-fast quantum computers and communication devices could revolutionize countless aspects of our lives -- but first, researchers need a fast, efficient source of the entangled pairs of photons such systems use to transmit and manipulate informa...

'17.12.2020 06:29:42'

Longest intergalactic gas filament discovered

Astrophysicists have for the first time observed a gas filament with a length of 50 million light years. Its structure is strikingly similar to the predictions of computer simulations. The observation therefore also confirms our ideas about the or...

'17.12.2020 04:04:04'

Tiny quantum computer solves real optimization problem

Quantum computers have already managed to surpass ordinary computers in solving certain tasks - unfortunately, totally useless ones. The next milestone is to get them to do useful things. Researchers have now shown that they can solve a small part...

'15.12.2020 09:22:18'

AI model shows promise to generate faster, more accurate weather forecasts

A model based solely on the past 40 years of weather events uses 7,000 times less computer power than today's weather forecasting tools. An A.I.-powered model could someday provide more accurate forecasts for rain, snow and other weather events.

'15.12.2020 09:08:27'

Accurate neural network computer vision without the 'black box'

New research offers clues to what goes on inside the minds of machines as they learn to see. Instead of attempting to account for a neural network's decision-making on a post hoc basis, their method shows how the network learns along the way, by r...

'15.12.2020 08:12:36'

To the brain, reading computer code is not the same as reading language

Neuroscientists have found reading computer code does not rely on the regions of the brain involved in language processing. Instead, it activates the 'multiple demand network,' which is also recruited for complex cognitive tasks such as solving ma...

'15.12.2020 06:20:09'

'Chaotic' way to create insectlike gaits for robots

Researchers are embracing chaos and nonlinear physics to create insectlike gaits for tiny robots -- complete with a locomotion controller to provide a brain-machine interface. Biology and physics are permeated by universal phenomena fundamentally ...

'15.12.2020 05:43:18'

Possibilities of new one-atom-thick materials

New 2D materials have the potential to transform technologies, but they're expensive and difficult to synthesize. Researchers used computer modeling to predict the properties of 2D materials that haven't yet been made in real life. These highly-ac...

'15.12.2020 04:16:33'

'Earable' computing: A new research area in the making

A research group is defining a new sub-area of mobile technology that they call 'earable computing.' The team believes that earphones will be the next significant milestone in wearable devices, and that new hardware, software, and apps will all ru...

'11.12.2020 06:55:19'

New computational method validates images without 'ground truth'

Researchers have developed a computational method that allows them to determine not if an entire imaging picture is accurate, but if any given point on the image is probable, based on the assumptions built into the model.

'11.12.2020 05:06:46'

'The robot made me do it': Robots encourage risk-taking behavior in people

New research has shown robots can encourage humans to take greater risks in a simulated gambling scenario than they would if there was nothing to influence their behaviors. Increasing our understanding of whether robots can affect risk-taking coul...

'11.12.2020 05:06:27'

Artificial intelligence helps scientists develop new general models in ecology

The automation of scientific discoveries is here to stay. Among others, a machine-human cooperation found a hitherto unknown general model explaining the relation between the area and age of an island and the number of species it hosts.

'11.12.2020 03:30:55'

Artificial visual system of record-low energy consumption for the next generation of AI

Researchers have built an ultralow-power consumption artificial visual system to mimic the human brain, which successfully performed data-intensive cognitive tasks. Their experiment results could provide a promising device system for the next gene...

'10.12.2020 09:57:35'

Atom-thin transistor uses half the voltage of common semiconductors, boosts current density

Researchers report a new, two-dimensional transistor made of graphene and molybdenum disulfide that needs less voltage and can handle more current than today's semiconductors.

'10.12.2020 09:57:10'

Faster and more efficient information transfer

Physicists use antiferromagnetic rust to carry information over long distances at room temperature.

'10.12.2020 06:21:07'

Significant step toward quantum advantage

Researchers have achieved a milestone in quantum computing research, accelerating the journey from theory to research to reality.

'10.12.2020 06:20:50'

'Electronic amoeba' finds approximate solution to traveling salesman problem in linear time

Researchers have, inspired by the efficient foraging behavior of a single-celled amoeba, developed an analog computer for finding a reliable and swift solution to the traveling salesman problem -- a representative combinatorial optimization problem.

'10.12.2020 06:20:42'

Reactive Video playback that you control with your body

Researchers have created a system that dynamically adapts to mirror the position of the viewer's body and matches the speed of video playback to the viewer's movements.

'9.12.2020 12:07:08'

Discovery suggests new promise for nonsilicon computer transistors

An alloy material called InGaAs could be suitable for high-performance computer transistors, according to researchers. If operated at high-frequencies, InGaAs transistors could one day rival those made of silicon.

'9.12.2020 12:06:53'

New study tests machine learning on detection of borrowed words in world languages

Researchers have investigated the ability of machine learning algorithms to identify lexical borrowings using word lists from a single language. Results show that current machine learning methods alone are insufficient for borrowing detection, con...

'9.12.2020 04:43:07'

A colossal step for electronics

Scientists have created a thin-film resistor with a conductivity that can be controlled by exposing it to hydrogen and an external electric field. This work may lead to new gas sensors, as well as advanced materials that can dynamically respond to...

'9.12.2020 04:42:45'

Hidden symmetry could be key to more robust quantum systems

Researchers have found a way to protect highly fragile quantum systems from noise, which could aid in the design and development of new quantum devices, such as ultra-powerful quantum computers.

'8.12.2020 11:30:05'

Breakthrough optical sensor mimics human eye, a key step toward better AI

Researchers are making key advances with a new type of optical sensor that more closely mimics the human eye's ability to perceive changes in its visual field.

'7.12.2020 09:23:02'

New transistor design disguises key computer chip hardware from hackers

Engineers propose a built-in security measure that would better protect computer chip hardware from hackers.

'7.12.2020 06:23:20'

Split wave: Component for neuromorphic computer

Neural networks are some of the most important tools in AI. So far, they run on traditional processors in the form of adaptive software, but experts are working on an alternative concept, the 'neuromorphic computer'. In this case, neurons are not ...

'7.12.2020 06:22:53'

Self-learning algorithms for different imaging datasets

AI-based evaluation of medical imaging data usually requires a specially developed algorithm for each task. Scientists have now presented a new method for configuring self-learning algorithms for a large number of different imaging datasets - with...

'7.12.2020 05:20:55'

The ever-elusive riddle: What's the best way to cut Christmas cookies?

At some point in life, most people have stood over a rolled-out slab of cookie dough and pondered just how to best cut out cookies with as little waste as possible. Now, even math experts have given up on finding a computer algorithm to answer thi...

'5.12.2020 09:34:58'

Research reveals how airflow inside a car may affect COVID-19 transmission risk

A new study uses computer simulations to track airflows inside a car's passenger cabin, providing potential strategies -- some of them counterintuitive -- for reducing the risk of transmitting airborne diseases.

'4.12.2020 08:13:15'

Protein storytelling to address the pandemic

Computer molecular physics has contributed to the understanding of protein behavior by creating 3D models of molecular machines and setting them in motion. Researchers at Stony Brook University are using the Frontera supercomputer at the Texas Adv...

'3.12.2020 12:34:27'

Tech makes it possible to digitally communicate through human touch

Researchers have developed the first technology capable of sending digital information, such as a photo or password, by touching a surface with your finger.

'3.12.2020 09:42:09'

Mapping quantum structures with light to unlock their capabilities

A new tool that uses light to map out the electronic structures of crystals could reveal the capabilities of emerging quantum materials and pave the way for advanced energy technologies and quantum computers.

'3.12.2020 06:32:45'

Cooling electronics efficiently with graphene-enhanced heat pipes

Researchers have found that graphene-based heat pipes can help solve the problems of cooling electronics and power systems used in avionics, data centres, and other power electronics.